1 Peter 4:12-14; 5:6-11                                              


"Christian"? (4:16) -This is unusual because rarely does the appellation occur in the NT (cf. Acts 11:26 and 26:28). Thus, "Christian" suggests a late date; a time when Christians were distinguishable as a separate religious group in the Roman world. They still had no legal or legitimate status and worse, bearing the name Christian was a criminal offense. [1]


Fiery Ordeal (4:12) -- Notice the image that the writer uses for suffering: "the fiery ordeal which comes upon you" (4:12). Recount the ways that fire is both useful and dangerous. Here, the image of fire recalls the writer’s earlier reference to gold that is tested and refined by fire (1:7). But it could also be an allusion to the celebrated burning of Rome in ad 64 and Nero’s blaming the Roman Christians for arson.


Myths about "when Christians suffer (4:12). Define the nature of 1 Peter’s suffering (e.g. "righteous" vis--vis behavioral suffering). [2]